Chee Kai Chua
Chee Kai Chua, Ph.D.
Executive Director,
Singapore Centre for 3D Printing,
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
Nanyang Technological University,
N3-02c-85, 50 Nanyang Avenue,
Singapore 639798
Tel: (65) 6790-4897 GMT+8h; Fax: (65) 6791-1859


Professor Chua Chee Kai has been involved in 3D Printing (3DP), previously known as Rapid Prototyping since 1990. On-going research at NTU include development of new systems, materials and techniques in biomedical applications (prostheses, implants, devices and tissue scaffolds) using 3DP.

He is the Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Virtual and Physical Prototyping Journal, published by Taylor and Francis. He is a member of the editorial advisory board of the Rapid Prototyping Journal, the International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology and Journal of Materials Processing Technology. He has won 13 awards and 15 research fundings. For his significant contributions to 3DP, he was given the "Academic Career Award" at the Portugal's International Conference on Virtual and Rapid Prototyping" in 2013, Public Service (Silver) Administration Award by the President of Singapore in 2014 and the Nanyang Alumni Achievement Award by the Minister of Education and President of NTU in 2014.

To date, he has amassed close to S$150 M of research grants, resulting in a number of big centres and labs. He now heads the Singapore Centre for 3D Printing with 46 professors, 98 PhD students, 52 Masters students, 25 research staff and a support team of business development, administrative and technical staff.


4-dimensional printing – State of the art and its potential for biofabrication 4-dimensional (4D) printing refers to layer-by-layer printing of smart materials and structures that are able to change their properties upon exposure to external environmental stimuli such as time, temperature, humidity or human intervention. Apart from single smart materials, 4D printing can also work with multiple smart materials such as the world's first 4D printed hybrid orchid at the Singapore Centre for 3D Printing. 4D printing has potential applications to biofabrication and can evolve 3D bioprinting into 4D bioprinting. Despite challenges in 4D printing, the revolutionary flexibility and adaptability of 4D printing is expected to cater to a wide variety of industrial dynamic needs. Likewise, the trend for the 4D printing market is projected to increase and economic benefits are expected as 4D printing processes are streamlined and shortened.

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  September 15, 2017